Laparoscopic Surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery, and is a modern technique in which many surgeries are performed through tiny incisions. In laparoscopic surgery, a laparoscope, or telescopic rod and lens system, is inserted through tiny incisions (usually 0.5 to 1.5 cm). A small-chip video camera, a light source, and a fiber optic cable system are connected to the laparoscope during the procedure. This allows the operative area to be illuminated and visually magnified for enhanced viewing on an outside monitor.
Using laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon can maneuver an operative site while using a few 0.5 to 1.5 cm incisions, versus, for example, the common 20 cm incision traditionally used for the removal of the gallbladder. Laparoscopic Surgery minimizes post-operative pain and recovery times while maintaining an enhanced visual field for surgeons. This surgical approach has also proven to have a significant reduction in the chances of developing wound infections and incision hernias, and is safe for general surgery as well as many procedures in surgical oncology.
Advantages of laparoscopy include shorter time under anesthesia, reduced blood loss, less pain, and shorter hospital stays and recovery periods.
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